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Arquivo da tag: missões urbanas

Jovens tentam converter ‘pecadores’ na rua Augusta

DANILA MOURA
DE SÃO PAULO

Pães, bolachas, leite e café, muito café, em plena madrugada de sábado. Cerca de 30 jovens encaram esse lanche reforçado num casarão da rua Avanhandava, região central. O destino deles é o Baixo Augusta, vizinhança cheia de atrações à noite, entre bares fuleiros, moderninhos e prostíbulos decadentes.

Maria do Carmo/Folhapress
Jovem religiosa da missão Thalita Kum, que evangeliza pelas calçadas da rua Augusta, atrás de jovens "pecadores"
Jovem religiosa da missão Thalita Kum, que evangeliza pelas calçadas da rua Augusta, atrás de jovens “pecadores”

No “esquenta”, a cerveja dá lugar à oração. A tarefa não é descolar um paquera ou dançar até o chão. Os jovens fazem parte da missão católica Thalita Kum (“levanta-te”, em hebraico) e saem pela madrugada com o intuito de tirar outros da vida profana.

A missão integra o grupo Aliança da Misericórdia, criada há 12 anos por dois padres. Com sede em São Paulo, hoje está presente em 36 cidades do país e do exterior. Também faz parte da Aliança a missão Maria Madalena, cujos itinerários incluem bailes funk e pontos de prostituição na região de Perus, na zona norte da capital.

Em comum, as duas turmas largaram o conforto familiar pelo voto de pobreza. Entre as tarefas que devem cumprir está morar em uma favela por alguns meses para saber como é passar pelas dificuldades do local.

Fazer parte da missão também exige disciplina. Além do voto de pobreza, é necessário viver em comunidade num curso preparatório de três anos. “Meus pais não aceitaram quando eu vim de Indaiatuba para morar aqui com o meu irmão. Agora, até pensam em se mudar para cá”, diz Rafael Menezes, 24.

O celibato não é obrigatório. Quando um deles se apaixona por outro, o orientador deve ser avisado. Se for recíproco, fazem votos de namoro, vão morar em endereços distintos e ganham o direito de se encontrarem sozinhos eventualmente. Após o casamento, vão morar em uma das casas dentro das comunidades, separados dos demais -uma prática comum.

Mesmo com tantas restrições, ainda há atividades mais “descoladas”, como as idas à Cristoteca, espécie de discoteca gospel localizada em bairros como o Brás, na região central, onde não entram bebidas alcoólicas.

  Maria do Carmo/Folhapress  
Jovens da missão católica Thalita Kum durante oração de aquecimento para a pregação noturna entre turmas de baladeiros
Jovens da missão católica Thalita Kum durante oração de aquecimento para a pregação noturna entre turmas de baladeiros

Saindo por aí
Os jovens fiéis moram em comunidades coletivas, como a da rua Avanhandava, visitada pela reportagem durante a incursão baladeira. Antes de sair pela vizinhança, eles formam um círculo de oração numa das capelas do espaço. O intuito é o de se proteger de eventuais represálias e pedir iluminação divina para a empreitada, que inclui “livrar os jovens de vícios”, como a bebida, o sexo fácil, as drogas e outros pecados.

Durante a visita, a reportagem foi surpreendida: todos juntaram as mãos em oração por este texto. Ainda na comunidade eles trocam histórias sobre outras passagens noturnas pela Augusta, que inclui relatos de uma prostituta arrependida e de uma adolescente de 14 anos que perdeu os pais e saía pelos clubes bebendo até cair. As narrativas de sucesso das evangelizações dão ânimo aos presentes para encarar a maratona cristã.

Os preparativos também incluem pinturas divertidas nos rostos dos mais empolgados. Os músicos afinam o violão e o grupo já organiza quais serão os trios que formarão durante a caminhada. Ninguém pode se perder ou ficar só. As portas se abrem e todos saem pela rua sem se intimidar.

“Já aconteceu de vizinhos jogarem água na gente. É comum tirarem sarro na rua, mas não estamos nem aí”, conta Adriana Garcia de Aguiar, 29, fonoaudióloga que largou o diploma e o aconchego da casa dos pais em Piracicaba, cidade do interior paulista, para viver religiosamente, assim como a maioria dos seus irmãos de fé. A profissão? Não exerce mais.

Apesar de a região do Baixo Augusta ser famosa por ataques homofóbicos e de intolerância, essa turma jamais sofreu atos de violência -a oração do esquenta deve ser forte.

Sem pena do gogó, começa a cantoria. Os integrantes cantam alto hinos de louvor e frases como “Jesus te ama”. As palavras ressoam como um choque térmico nos ouvidos de quem está bebericando um drinque nos bares e inferninhos.

Olhares surpresos
“Socorro, o que é isso, pelo amor de Deus?”, pergunta a publicitária Juliana Canhadas, 28, frequentadora da região que assistia perplexa à romaria dançante. A explicação dada pela reportagem não é suficiente para tirar a expressão de assombro da moça.

Grande parte reage dessa forma. Começa a subida, piadinhas são ouvidas aos montes, ao mesmo tempo em que eles interagem em clima informal com quem está aberto a conversar. Sobram olhares surpresos. Afinal, o grupo percorre a rua aos pulos e, não raro, empunham uma santa gigante que entrecorta o trajeto pecaminoso.

Alguns se rendem à doçura da turma, como as garotas de programa da região. E as piadinhas acabam se transformando em pedidos de oração.

SERVIÇO

Para conhecer a missão Thalita Kum, não é preciso agendar horário.

Casa Cenáculo-Emannuel
R. Avanhandava, 616, Bela Vista, SP, tel. 0/xx/11/3237-3061.
www.misericordia.com.br

 

Fonte: FOLHA DE SAO PAULO

 
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Publicado por em 05/02/2012 em POIMENIA

 

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The Call to the City: Have We Lost Our Urban Youth?

Jimmy Dorrell

Standing on the sidewalks of the city’s largest low-income housing complex, a group of cocky young men chided the elderly woman walking past them on the way to church. “Ya gonna hoot and holler in the pews today, sister?” one said. “Hold on to you pocketbook, cuz the preacher man ain’t lettin’ you out ‘til you help pay for his new car!” added another. “Say a prayer for me,” heckled yet another. All laughed at their prowess and fearlessness to ridicule the sacred symbols of religion. Most had only darkened the doors of the church when their moms forced them to go as young boys. None planned on returning.

The urban centers are hardly lacking for churches. In fact, four separate congregations circle the perimeter of this housing complex. But none of the four reach out to the subsidized residents, and certainly not to these bad-mouthing kids. Instead, the congregants come from outside the neighborhood and the pastor lives in the suburbs and rarely comes downtown except for church services. Despite the proximity, it’s as if the two worlds never meet.

Spiritual Angst in the City

Meme Webb, 19, grew up in a tough, lowincome neighborhood. Like many children, she was dragged to church in her early days but wondered what the church had to say to her generation—to whom God was acceptable but the church was considered out of touch. She writes:

Hood Kids

hood kids
but good kids
not bad kids
just misunderstood kids
watch mom shoot up
and dad shoot bullets
and combat the words
that scream that I’m useless
I’m not
just hot
and mad at dad who split
and mom who took him back
even though he split
her lip the third time
I watch from the sidelines
and grow full of hate
from parents’ guidelines
and you, pastor
push me faster
to hate
taking our crumbs to fill
your already full plate
your frock is stained
you mock the name
of He who commissioned
cuz you’re more concerned
with titles and pensions

than the mission to save me
don’t forget the babies
don’t be so lazy
cuz I need you greatly
it’s not about parking spots
and who pays a lot
but who gives a lot
and who prays a lot
for me
the lost sheep
but nobody’s looked for me
don’t you know God made
the Good Book for me?
but I need direction
some protection
much affection
not rejection
I…NEED…YOU
man of God
woman of God
be of God
and keep your eyes peeled
for real
we’re crying
and dying
but still trying
though momma ignores us
and daddy abuses us
I’m sure that God still
wants to use us
when momma doesn’t hug us
and daddy slugs us
I’m confident that God
still loves us
cuz I’m a hood kid
but a good kid
not a bad kid
just misunderstood kid
and I need your help
before it’s too late
and I walk the same path
that my parents made
look at us
behind the chain linked fence
pain wrenched kids
such tainted kids
who were struck
but never fainted kids
we live hellish lives
but can be saintly kids
if you just try TRY!
until then
we’ll continue to die
continue to cry
the hood kids
that no one really cares about
it’s so obvious that no one
really cares about ‘em…

Yet in these deep longings of the urban youth, the voices of the streets seem louder than the faint cry of a church stuck in institutional patterns of the past. A growing “non-church Christianity” is growing up where God-talk is hip but church is out.

Underwhelmed and Gone

Though some return later in life when they have children, the challenging years of being an urban teen generally occur without the church. They leave for a myriad of reasons, but some of the most common include criticisms of impotence, hypocrisy, and being out of step with a culture that’s more hip-hop than hymn-like.

Church Hypocrisy

In his book Noah Where Are You? Why Black Men Don’t Go to Church, Kawanza Kunjufu says African-American churches are 75 percent filled with women and girls and most of the remaining 25 percent are elderly men and young boys. In his effort to understand the mindsets of the young adult black males, he lists some 21 reasons that his sampling of the unchurched gave for giving up on the church. These included a general disdain for the clergy—often perceived as taking advantage of weak-willed old women who support the pastors’ fancy cars and new suits. The church sold out and is more concerned for its own self-preservation than the needs of the urban poor.

“Most hard living people do not accept traditionalist approaches, and most churches that do work with the poor operate from this stance,” writes Tex Sample (Mainstream Christians and Hard Living People). Though middle-class suburban churches often fare no better, the bitterness of the urban poor who feel abandoned by the only institution that historically cared for them intensifies. “They don’t care about me, they just want my body in a pew and my money in a plate,” said one teen.

Hip-Hop Culture

In a phenomenon that too few city missionaries recognize, the counter culture of rap and hip-hop became the language of the streets. Birthed in a type of urban poetry laced with feelings, protest, and brutal vulgarity, urban youth found a way to speak their minds in a public forum— a forum that took over the music world. While many older churchgoers think hip-hop is an African-American phenomenon, most don’t realize that over two-thirds of all CD purchases are by white youth and current sales put hip-hop music as the number one genre in popular music. But while advertising agents and market experts have patterned commercials and display ads around this street culture, the church has resisted. It’s the same old generational struggle of contextualizing the truth in the language of the unchurched in a churched world often trapped in a 1950s worship format.

In the midst of the sinking traditional church in the urban centers, signs of hope are also emerging. In Chicago’s North Lawndale neighborhood, urban minister Phil Jackson has helped establish an outrageous hip-hop cultural expression of worship that has packed out buildings in late night Saturday celebrations filled with rap, dance, street lingo, multimedia, and pounding music. Others like Without Wall’s Club X in Tampa offer the mics to teens telling their stories through rap. From New York City (Club Life) to West Palm Beach (Urban Youth Impact’s “Bow Down”) to an Episcopal church in southern Virginia doing “hip hop Eucharist,” urban youth groups are adapting the eternal message of the good news to a youth culture living in bad news.

These passionate city dwellers recognize that the Gospel must take on new forms or “wineskins” to reach today’s disenfranchised youth. Taking hip-hop’s protest, vulgarity, and anger themes out to be replaced by revolutionary and redemptive themes, scores of Saturday night urban youth congregations have sprung up that attract the unchurched in a participatory worship. They capitalize on young people’s frustration with America’s culture of materialism and reshape the biblical message of purpose and meaning in the harsh and honest language of the streets.

Postmodern Pundits

Perhaps far more pervasive and dangerous than the hardness of the inner-city youth on the corner, the encroaching postmodern mindset is repelling more youth away from today’s churches. For decades, Western Europe has watched a steady stream of teens leave the established church in what they deem a “post-Christian” era. Rejecting absolutes and embracing relativism as a standard, most reject any claim that suggest there is only one way to God. Many have become nihilistic and atheistic, while more wandered into a practical atheism that lives as if there is no God. Growing numbers of young adults and teens in America have followed suit. Content to sip coffee and discuss life issues, they often reject the post-Enlightenment’s rationalism and embrace an experiential truth.

Again, growing numbers of churches have acknowledged this critical trend and are seeking to recreate worship forms that provide meaning to the postmodern mindset that prefers dialogue, art, and creative music to sermons and hymns. Often meeting on couches in upstairs lofts on Sunday evenings, the atmosphere is strange to the traditional churchgoer. Defending the “old time religion,” congregations tend to see such wineskins as a sell out to secularism. Postmoderns, however, recognize that there’s a freshness of truth in this post- Constantinian emerging church that rejects a type of stoic civil religion and replaces it with honest searching where experience is welcomed.

Secularists

Today’s unchurched youth are lured by competing opportunities on Sunday. Far from the times when the first day of the week was primarily set aside by the culture for worship, youth today have numerous alternatives to choose from on Sunday. Besides the ever popular “sleep in ‘til noon” option, recreation leagues, television, video games, the Internet, pick up ball games, shopping malls, special events, and other opportunities lure those who do arise before noon. Sunday morning church has traditionally been hard for teens to get excited about due to their late-night time clocks. Add dress up clothing and a boring Sunday school lesson, and few teens who have a choice will choose that experience. Parents who attend and weekly fight their adolescent children to get up and go often give in after the resistance continues each week.

Unchurched Christians

Finally, some of the competing forces against vital Christian faith have emerged in the church itself. In the growing evangelical culture, which highlighted individualism and privatization of faith, many youth have accepted a distorted message of salvation that supposedly secures the eternal future in heaven with little expectation on the earth. Reducing the Gospel down to what Bonhoeffer called “cheap grace,” a new Gnosticism has grown up which validates a quick conversion with no discipleship required. Many of today’s unchurched teens consider themselves born-again Christians but have no sense of obligation to attend church or even Christian activities. Their lifestyles and values are clearly pagan, but their belief system says that they have taken care of the religious business and are enjoying life until the blessings of heaven later. Since belief is a private matter in this view, few church leaders press them with the biblical call to not “forsake the gathering” of the Body. Youth groups built around an entertainment strategy may pick these kids up for a youth lock-in or trip to an amusement park, but rarely engage them outside of their consumerist hedonism. Unparalleled wealth, amounting to over a billion dollars a week in discretionary spending, has allowed most of these urban materialists to go and do and buy as they please with little thought of sacrifice, servanthood, or service. Many of these teens exhibit strong patterns of selfishness, yet record numbers (six million under the age of 12 in the U.S. alone) suffer from depression and take medication for it.

What Next

The church in the city is in trouble. Though signs of hope and a few new models emerge around the nation, most congregations aren’t even asking the questions of what changes they must make to reach a growing disenfranchised urban youth culture. Those that do most often retreat to institutional answers that worked a generation ago and hope a new youth minister can reach “those kids” with Bible drills, youth choirs, and Sunday school refreshments. Little do they realize that the mere existence of the church is unlikely in a couple of decades as irrelevance and postmodernity continue to erode their struggling congregations.

The hope of the church is in the urban youth. In a world where over half the globe now live in cities, new models and wineskins must ramp up soon. Though the same spiritual needs of a 14-year-old exist in suburbia and the ghetto, the forum to meet those has changed. The church must struggle once again to recognize that the Gospel can and should be contextualized to reach the present generation. The Apostle Paul spoke to the philosophers of Greece, to the sailor city of Corinth, and to the blue-collar workers of Philippi in languages each could understand about the eternal good news.

Christian colleges and seminaries must break free from their entrenchment in European classical academia to train passionate students with solid doctrine in the language of the streets. Congregations must dare to risk Saturday night services that are loud and participatory in order to reach the urban adolescent. Youth leaders must be set free to hang out in clubs, barrios, and inner-city schools to build relationships with a churchless generation that is still willing to talk about the deeper things of life.

What lies ahead is still uncertain. But the call to the city is unquestionable.

Jimmy Dorrell is pastor of Church Under the Bridge and executive director of Mission Waco, missionwaco.org, as well as a part-time lecturer at Baylor University and George W. Truett Seminary. He’s committed to mobilizing the Christian community to become more involved with urban poor, both in the U.S. and throughout the world

Fonte: YOUTH SPECIALTIES

 
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Publicado por em 08/09/2009 em POIMENIA

 

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Developing an Urban Youth Ministry

Tommy Carrington

It was over 15 years ago when I was handed the keys to an old van, a list of 15 kids from one of Miami’s most crime-ridden communities, and given the assignment: “Your mission—should you choose to accept it—is to rehabilitate those troubled kids on the list.” I had just accepted the position as an area director for Miami Youth for Christ, and at that moment I began to doubt my calling to inner-city youth ministry.

With Bible in hand, one volunteer, and few resources, I set out to reach these kids for Christ. I felt alone, unprepared, and isolated from the rest of the Christian world. Surely there was no one else on Earth doing this type of ministry-no one brain-damaged enough. What do I do? Where do I start? How do I get them to listen to me? Suppose these kids gang up on me? I was scared to death, but felt a deep calling to this ministry.

Many lonely years and numerous frustrating nights later, and with many fewer hairs on my head, I developed six small groups from that one core group, eventually reaching over 100 kids per week. This was only possible through a massive dose of God’s grace and the help of dedicated volunteers.

So how do you begin a youth group, with virtually nothing, for kids in the inner city?

It’s important to note that there’s no magical formula. There really isn’t a “how-to” manual for urban ministry. The needs of kids are as diverse as the cultures, ethnic groups, and personalities of those who make up the inner city.

Although there are no set formulas, there are a few essential ingredients which, if implemented, make it more likely for kids to want to keep coming back.

Identifying Resources
You might say, “I don’t have any resources.” But if you look around, you’ll begin to see that you do indeed have something. You have at least three basic resources you can begin with.

Spiritual resources: You’re able to equip yourself with Bible aids, books, Christian music, videos, etc. Start with a few resources, and as you grow, you can add more to your resource library.

Facility resources: You have access to a church building, homes, schools, gyms, parks, and recreational facilities where you could meet and host activities for kids. Check around to see what’s available and what would work best for you. You can even rotate your meeting places.

People resources: There are adults from your church who can help you, special speakers you can invite, and local music groups who might be willing to come for free.

The key is to look around and identify the resources that might already be around you and available to you for little or no cost.

Starting Small
You don’t have to have a large group of kids in order to have an effective ministry. It’s perfectly acceptable to start with a small core group of students (5-7 is ideal). As you meet and build relationships, let the kids know what you plan to do. They’ll need to see your level of commitment, and know that you’re not going to start something and leave in a few months. Once you’ve gained their trust and an effective program is in place, you’ve laid the foundation for your ministry to grow.

Staying Creative and Flexible
There’s often a basic, traditional format for a youth group meeting, which is, in effect, a reproduction of the Sunday morning service:

  • Opening prayer/devotions
  • Announcements
  • Worship
  • Message
  • Dismissal
  • Everybody goes home.

There’s nothing intrinsically wrong with that format in a service, but there’s so much more you could do with kids that would make your group exciting and inspire students to keep coming back and invite their friends. Jim Rayburn, the founder of Young Life has said, “It is a sin to bore kids with the Bible.”

Early on in my ministry I adopted a philosophy: “I’m willing to do whatever it takes to reach kids…as long it never compromises the message of the Gospel.” I believe that was the overriding principle in Paul’s letter to the Corinthian church: “… I have become all things to all men so that by all possible means I might save some.” (1 Cor. 9:22)

Referring to the establishment of the New Testament church in Scripture, Dr. Robert Coleman says, “The Church’s policy of pragmatism encouraged creativity. The rule seemed to be: Within the guidelines of the apostles’ teaching, whatever facilitates the ministry, do it…what was important is that the most helpful means be found in every setting to accomplish the task at hand.”

I believe one key to effective youth ministry is variety. Do things differently each week. Maintain the element of surprise so the kids don’t know what to expect. Incorporate as many creative ideas as possible and rotate their use. Examples could be things like:

  • Crowd breakers—opportunities for kids to burn energy and have fun
  • Drama/skits
  • Special music—we’re not afraid to use contemporary Christian music, hip-hop, rap, etc.
  • Dance Videos
  • Creative messages on relevant topics
  • Lively discussions

It’s important to keep experimenting with new ministry ideas. You might find that there are things that might work with one group of kids during a particular time, and not work with another set of kids at another time. Maintain a “flexible methodology” approach to ministry. Be sensitive to the needs of your group in order to reach them where they are, and adjust your program to meet those needs.

Balancing Fun and Relationships
I wish I could truly say (in my best King James voice), “Young people cometh to my Bible studies because they wanteth to heareth the word of God.” Or I wish I could say that kids come to hear the eloquent messages I stayed up all night to put together. I wish I could even say that they come because of their love for God and their deep commitment to Christ. Some do, but the vast majority of the unchurched, urban kids I’ve worked with initially came to youth group for two reasons: fun and relationships. In all honesty, that’s why I began to attend youth group as a kid. Growing up in Jamaica there wasn’t a lot to do. So I attended the local youth group for those two reasons.

Fun—the youth leaders at the church I grew up in dared allow us to have fun. We played games, went on trips, camps, and all-nighters, and did many other activities. This might not be a revolutionary principle for you, but many churches are reluctant to incorporate fun into their youth services. I’ve heard it said: “You’re just entertaining those kids.” Key word: just. If all you’re doing is having fun and playing games with kids, then you’re missing it. If, however, you’re incorporating fun as an integral part of what you do in youth ministry, mixed in with solid biblical teaching, I see that as a healthy and balanced approach to youth ministry.

Relationships—I developed close friendships with the other kids who were there. During that process, I also developed relationships with caring adults who didn’t just see me as a name on a roster, but who took the time to ask me how I was doing in school, and who talked to me openly and honestly about issues I really cared about. Eventually, as I built these relationships, I was ultimately led into a closer relationship with God.

Paul told the church in Thessalonica, “We loved you so much that we were delighted to share with you not only the gospel of God but our lives as well…” (1 Thess. 2:8). Dr. Howard Hendricks reminds us that “you can impress people from a distance…you can only impact them up close.”

Getting Kids Involved
According to Dr. Robert Laurent, the number one reason why kids leave the church is “lack of opportunity for church involvement.” Kids need to feel that they’re significant and valuable. If they don’t feel that from the church, they’ll go somewhere else where they can feel a sense of belonging. One of the most significant lures of cults and gangs is that they immediately give young people responsibilities and opportunities for involvement.

Dr. Jawanza Kunjufu quotes a notorious gang leader who said, “We will always get the youth because we know how to make them feel important.” Sometimes we make young people feel like they’re not important or don’t have anything to offer the church. We push them aside; tell them to be quiet; get off the platform; don’t play with the microphone. Then when they’re older, we wonder where our young leaders are. We must make our kids feel important very early on.

A children’s pastor colleague of mine involves the children in his group in the actual production of children’s church. He tells the story of a 10-year-old whose mother told him he wouldn’t be able to go to their church that day because they were visiting somewhere else. The very adamant child looked at his mom and said, “But Mom, you don’t understand. We have to go to our church—Pastor Dan needs me!”

Give the kids real responsibilities. Let them know you believe in them and that they’re valuable to you and to the growth and development of the group

Programming Events
As you put the program in place and meet for a few weeks with your core group, the momentum will build, and the kids will catch the vision. Then plan some form of a kick-off event that’ll inspire the kids to go out and invite their friends. The kids could pass out flyers asking their friends to attend this special event, which could be a pizza party, athletic tournament, game night, or other high energy and exciting activity. Make sure it includes an evangelistic presentation and an opportunity to follow-up with new kids. I usually do two kick-off events each year.

Being Committed
Almost nothing is stable in a young person’s life in the inner city. Dr. John Perkins points out that 70 percent of inner-city children are growing up without a father. In order to make ends meet, their single mothers might have to move frequently, changing neighborhoods, friends, and schools. If there’s one thing that should remain consistent, it should be their youth worker, who’s very often the only positive, adult, role model (especially if you’re male) a child may have. Youth ministry in the urban setting is just one of those fields that you cannot do for a short period of time and expect significant results. You must have a long-term commitment to the kids, their families, and their neighborhoods.

It’s now been 17 wonderful years since I first got my feet wet in urban ministry in Miami. Sure, I’ve had my share of disappointments, failures, and frustrations, but it’s been the joy of my life to know kids who’ve grown up in the ‘hood, had started down the path to gangs, drugs, and prison, but who’ve now become positive members of society—some of whom have even entered the ministry. It’s made all those sleepless nights and hair loss worth it.

Tommy Carrington was born and raised in Kingston, Jamaica. He served as a youth evangelist with Miami Youth for Christ for 12 years, and is currently the urban training director for Reach Out Youth Solutions. He’s also an adjunct professor at Trinity International University and Palm Beach Atlantic College.

Fonte: YOUTH SPECIALTIES

 
Comentários desativados em Developing an Urban Youth Ministry

Publicado por em 04/09/2009 em POIMENIA

 

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